Eiffel, Gustave

(1832-1923)
   engineer
   Most famous for his construction of the tower in Paris that bears his name, Gustave Eiffel was born in Dijon and was educated there at the Lycée royal and at the Collège sainte-Barbe in Paris. He graduated from the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures (1855) and joined a company that produced steam engines. In 1858, the company was granted a contract to construct a railway bridge at bordeaux. Eiffel's achievement of that work allowed him (1866) to begin his own company, and he soon became known for the building of wrought iron structures. In 1877, Eiffel erected a steel arch bridge over the Douro River in oporto, Portugal (160 m in height) and, in 1884, he completed the Garabit Viaduct in France, which, for a time, was the highest bridge in the world. It demonstrates his expert craftsmanship and graceful sense of design. Eiffel cast frédéric-auguste bartholdi's colossal statue, Liberty Enlightening the World (Statue of Liberty), which was dedicated in New York Harbor in 1886. soon after, he began work on his greatest project, the building of the eiffel tower.It was completed in 1889 for the celebration of the centennial of the French Revolution. The imposing tower is constructed of 7,000 tons of iron in 18,000 parts, held together by 2,500,000 rivets. Reaching a height of 984 feet (300 m), it dominates the Paris skyline. Eiffel later became interested in the new science of aerodynamics and, in 1912 at Auteil, he opened the first aerodynamic laboratory, which soon contributed to the development of aviation.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eiffel, Gustave — ▪ French engineer in full  Alexandre gustave Eiffel   born Dec. 15, 1832, Dijon, France died Dec. 28, 1923, Paris  French civil engineer renowned for the tower in Paris that bears his name.       After graduation from the College of Art and… …   Universalium

  • Eiffel, Gustave — ► (1832 1923) Ingeniero francés, autor de numerosos viaductos metálicos y de la torre Eiffel, construcción de hierro de 320 m de altura, edificada en París para la Exposición de 1889 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • EIFFEL, GUSTAVE —    an eminent French engineer, born at Dijon; early obtained a reputation for bridge construction; designed the great Garabit Viaduct, and also the enormous locks for the Panama Canal; his most noted work is the gigantic iron tower which bears… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • EIFFEL (G.) — EIFFEL GUSTAVE (1832 1923) Né à Dijon, Gustave Eiffel arrive à Paris en 1850 pour terminer ses études au collège Sainte Barbe, voisin de la toute nouvelle bibliothèque Sainte Geneviève, dont la structure métallique a peut être influencé ses… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gustave — hace referencia a: Gaspard Gustave de Coriolis, físico e ingeniero francés; Gustave Courbet, pintor francés; Gustave Doré, pintor y escultor; Gustave Eiffel, ingeniero francés. Creador de la Torre Eiffel; Gustave Flaubert, novelista francés;… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eiffel — tiene los siguientes significados: 1. Torre Eiffel: Creada por el arquitecto francés Gustave Eiffel. 2. Lenguaje de programación Eiffel: Lenguaje de programación orientado a objetos. * * * Eiffel, Gustave …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eiffel — (Gustave) (1832 1923) ingénieur français, pionnier de l architecture du fer. Il réalisa le viaduc de Garabit (1882 1884), l armature de la statue de la Liberté (1886, New York), la tour Eiffel, tour métallique construite (1887 1889) pour l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gustave Eiffel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gustave et Eiffel. Gustave Eiffel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eiffel Tower — a tower of skeletal iron construction in Paris, France: built for the exposition of 1889. 984 ft. (300 m) high. [named after A. G. EIFFEL, its engineer and principal designer] * * * Parisian landmark built for the Centennial Exposition of 1889.… …   Universalium

  • Gustave — Gustav (oder Gustaf) ist ein männlicher Vorname aus dem Schwedischen mit der Bedeutung „Stütze der Goten“. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Namenstag 2 Varianten 3 Schwedische Herrscher und Prinzen 4 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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